Wallis and Futuna
- Introduction ::Wallis and FutunaBackground:The Futuna island group was discovered by the Dutch in 1616 and Wallis by the British in 1767, but it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842, and took official control of them between 1886 and 1888. Notably, Wallis and Futuna was the only French colony to side with the Vichy regime during World War II, a phase that ended in May of 1942 with the arrival of 2,000 American troops. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory and officially assumed this status in July 1961.Geography ::Wallis and FutunaLocation:Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New ZealandGeographic coordinates:13 18 S, 176 12 WArea:total: 142 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 221land: 142 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmnote: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 isletsArea - comparative:1.5 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:129 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees CTerrain:volcanic origin; low hillsElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 765 mNatural resources:NEGLLand use:arable land: 7.14%permanent crops: 35.71%other: 57.15% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:NAEnvironment - current issues:deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural freshwater resourcesGeography - note:both island groups have fringing reefsPeople and Society ::Wallis and FutunaNationality:noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islandersadjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna IslanderEthnic groups:PolynesianLanguages:Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language) 58.9%, Futunian 30.1%, French (official) 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)Religions:Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%Population:15,507 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 223Age structure:0-14 years: 24.1% (male 1,952/female 1,786)15-24 years: 18.1% (male 1,468/female 1,338)25-54 years: 40.3% (male 3,089/female 3,163)55-64 years: 8.9% (male 711/female 674)65 years and over: 8.6% (male 625/female 701) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 29.6 yearsmale: 28.7 yearsfemale: 30.9 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.35% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 161Birth rate:13.74 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 146Death rate:4.84 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Net migration rate:-5.42 migrant(s)/1,000 populationcountry comparison to the world: 194note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2013 est.)Urbanization:urban population: 0% of total population (2008)rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 4.55 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 187male: 4.79 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 79.27 yearscountry comparison to the world: 44male: 76.29 yearsfemale: 82.4 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.77 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 163Drinking water source:improved:rural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2008 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:rural: 96% of populationtotal: 96% of populationunimproved:rural: 4% of populationtotal: 4% of population (2008 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 50%male: 50%female: 50% (1969 est.)Government ::Wallis and FutunaCountry name:conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islandsconventional short form: Wallis and Futunalocal long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futunalocal short form: Wallis et FutunaDependency status:overseas territory of FranceGovernment type:parliamentary representive democratic French overseas collectivityCapital:name: Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)geographic coordinates: 13 57 S, 171 56 Wtime difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, WallisIndependence:none (overseas territory of France)National holiday:Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)Constitution:4 October 1958 (French Constitution)Legal system:French civil lawSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by High Administrator Michel JEANJEAN (since 10 June 2010)head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Vetelino NAU (since 4 April 2012)cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of 3 kings and 3 members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly(For more information visit the World Leaders website )note: there are 3 traditional kings with limited powerselections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly elected by the members of the assemblyLegislative branch:unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)elections: last held on 22 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2017)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PS 4, UMP 4, centrists, 3, other 9note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held on 21 September 2008 (next to be held by September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1; French National Assembly - elections last held on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1Judicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel, located in Noumea, New Caledoniajudge selection and term of office: NAsubordinate courts: note: justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-UtuPolitical parties and leaders:Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians)Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRGRally for the Republic or RPR (UMP)Socialist Party or PSTaumu'a LeleiUnion Populaire Locale or UPLUnion Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDFPolitical pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:PIF (observer), SPC, UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas territory of France)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas territory of France)Flag description:unofficial, local flag has a red field with four white isosceles triangles in the middle, representing the three native kings of the islands and the French administrator; the apexes of the triangles are oriented inward and at right angles to each other; the flag of France, outlined in white on two sides, is in the upper hoist quadrantnote: the design is derived from an original red banner with a white cross pattee that was introduced in the 19th century by French missionaries; the flag of France is used for official occasionsNational symbol(s):red saltire (Saint Andrew's Cross) on a white square on a red fieldNational anthem:note: as a territory of France, ""La Marseillaise"" is official (see France)Economy ::Wallis and FutunaEconomy - overview:The economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with 80% of labor force earnings from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. About 4% of the population is employed in government. Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Korea, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia.GDP (purchasing power parity):$60 million (2004 est.)country comparison to the world: 223GDP (official exchange rate):$NAGDP - real growth rate:NA%GDP - per capita (PPP):$3,800 (2004 est.)country comparison to the world: 169GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: NA%industry: NA%services: NA%Agriculture - products:coconuts, breadfruit, yams, taro, bananas; pigs, goats; fishIndustries:copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumberIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:3,104 (2003)country comparison to the world: 226Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 80%industry: 4%services: 16% (2001 est.)Unemployment rate:12.2% (2008)country comparison to the world: 128Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $29,730expenditures: $31,330 (2004)Public debt:5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)country comparison to the world: 151note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctionsFiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):2.8% (2005)country comparison to the world: 83Exports:$47,450 (2004)country comparison to the world: 221Exports - commodities:copra, chemicals, construction materialsImports:$61.17 million (2004)country comparison to the world: 217Imports - commodities:chemicals, machinery, consumer goodsDebt - external:$3.67 million (2004)country comparison to the world: 199Exchange rates:Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar -90.01 (February 2012)87.59 (2007)Communications ::Wallis and FutunaTelephone system:international: country code - 681Broadcast media:the publicly owned French Overseas Network (RFO), which broadcasts to France's overseas departments and territories, is carried on the RFO Wallis and Fortuna TV and radio stations (2008)Internet country code:.wfInternet hosts:2,760 (2012)country comparison to the world: 157Internet users:1,300 (2009)country comparison to the world: 212Transportation ::Wallis and FutunaAirports:2 (2013)country comparison to the world: 203Airports - with paved runways:total: 21,524 to 2,437 m: 1914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)Ports and terminals:Leava, Mata-UtuMilitary ::Wallis and FutunaManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 3,376females age 16-49: 3,314 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 168female: 139 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of FranceTransnational Issues ::Wallis and FutunaDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Wallis and Futuna — [wô′lis] French overseas territory in the South Pacific, northeast of the Fiji Islands: it consists of two groups of islands (Wallis Islands and Futuna Islands): c. 106 sq mi (275 sq km); pop. 14,000 * * * Wallis and Futuna Introduction Wallis… … Universalium
Wallis and Futuna — [wô′lis] French overseas territory in the South Pacific, northeast of the Fiji Islands: it consists of two groups of islands (Wallis Islands and Futuna Islands): c. 106 sq mi (275 sq km); pop. 14,000 … English World dictionary
Wallis and Futuna — Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands Territoire des îles Wallis et Futuna/ Telituale o Uvea mo Futuna … Wikipedia
Wallis and Futuna — noun An overseas territory of France in Oceania. Official name: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands … Wiktionary
Futuna Island, Wallis and Futuna — Futuna is an island in the Pacific Ocean belonging to the French overseas collectivity ( collectivité d outre mer , or COM ) of Wallis and Futuna . It is one of the Hoorn Islands or Îles Horne, nearby Alofi being the other. They are both a… … Wikipedia
Wallis and Futuna national football team — Infobox National football team Name = Wallis and Futuna Badge = Logo waf.png Nickname = Association = Wallis and Futuna Soccer Federation Coach = Most caps = Top scorer = FIFA Trigramme = WLF FIFA Rank = Elo Rank = 209 Home Stadium = Stade de… … Wikipedia
Wallis and Futuna national rugby union team — The Wallis and Futuna national rugby union team represents Wallis and Futuna in rugby union. They have not yet qualified for the rugby world cup. Their first international was against Papua New Guinea, who beat them 54 5 in 1966. Wallis and… … Wikipedia
Wallis and Futuna Islands — Island group, South Pacific Ocean. It is a self governing overseas territory (pop., 2000 est.: 15,283) of France; it includes Wallis Island (also known as Uvea), the Futuna Islands (Futuna and Alofi), and a number of islets. The administrative… … Universalium
Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly election, 2007 — Territorial Assembly elections were held in Wallis and Futuna on 1 April 2007. [http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read id=31206] Of the twenty six lists contesting the election, twenty won one seat each in an election that has been described… … Wikipedia
Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly election, 2002 — Legislative elections for the Territorial Assembly were held in Wallis and Futuna on 10 March 2002. The result was a victory for the coalition of Rally for the Republic and Voice of the Wallis and Futuna Peoples, which won 13 of the 20… … Wikipedia